The word pedicure is derived from the Latin words pedis, which means "of the foot", and cura, which means "care". The art of pedicures dates back to ancient Egypt, when both men and women painted their nails. Egyptian royalty commonly painted their toenails to boost their sex appeal, while soldiers believed it to be a talisman and painted their toes before going off to war.
During a pedicure, care is provided for the toenails as well as to the legs and feet. Dead skin cells are exfoliated from the bottom of the feet using a pumice stone, with a focus on high calloused areas. The skin of the lower leg and feet are commonly massaged with a granular exfoliation scrub and moisturizing cream.